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Camping Out + Hemingway Essay


Brasch, James, and Joseph Sigmund. Hemingway’s Library. New York: Garland, 1981. Necessary to any source study of Hemingway’s post-1940 writing.

Catalog of the Ernest Hemingway Collection at the John F. Kennedy Library, 2 volumes. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1982.

Hanneman, Audre.Ernest Hemingway, AComprehensive Bibliography, 2 volumes. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1967; supplement, 1975. Vital research tool.

Larson, Kelli.Ernest Hemingway: A Reference Guide, 1974-1989. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1991.

Mandel, Miriam B. Reading Hemingway:The Facts in the Fiction. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1995. Excel-lent resource for references in the works.

Oliver, Charles.Ernest Hemingway A to Z. New York: Facts on File, 1999.

Reynolds, Michael.Hemingway’s Reading 1910-1940. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981. Also available on-line at the Hemingway Collection home page, John F. Kennedy Library (http://www.cs.umb.edu/jfklibrary/index.htm).

Smith, Paul.A Reader’s Guide to the Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1989. Best single source on the creation and criticism of Hemingway’s short fiction.

Waldhorn, Arthur. A Reader’s Guide to Ernest Hemingway. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1981.


The following libraries have Hemingway collections, their most significant, but by no means their only, holdings noted in parentheses.

Blaine County Library, Ketchum, Idaho (oral histories, photographs).

Indiana University, The Lilly Library (Letters, Ezra Pound and William Bird papers).

John F. Kennedy Library, Boston (the major Hemingway collection of manuscripts, letters, secondary materials, maps, and photographs, established by Mary Hemingway).

Monroe County Library, Key West, Florida (some galleys, photographs, local history).

Oak Park Public Library, Oak Park, Illinois (Tabula and Trapeze from Oak Park High School, local newspaper, photographs).

Princeton University Library (Carlos Baker files, Scribner Author files, Patrick Hemingway Collection).

Stanford University Library (Pauline Hemingway’s 1933-1934 safari journal and Hemingway-Carlos Baker correspondence).

University of Delaware Library (Cut opening of The Sun Also Rises, letters).

University of South Carolina, Thomas Cooper Library (Hemingway and Fitzgerald materials).

University of Texas, Humanities Research Center (Death in the Afternoon and parts of “Big Two-Hearted River” manuscripts, family letters).

University of Tulsa Library (some Spanish Civil War materials).

University of Virginia, Alderman Library (Green Hills of Africa manuscript).

Yale University, Beinecke Library (Charles Fenton Collection, letters to Gertrude Stein).


Gellhorn, Martha. Travels With Myself andAnother. London: Eland Books, 1983. Best source for story of Hemingway in China in 1941.

Hemingway, Gregory.Papa. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1976.

Hemingway, Jack.Misadventures of a Fly Fisherman. Dallas: Taylor, 1986.

Hemingway, Leicester. My Brother, ErnestHemingway. Cleveland: World, 1962; revised edition, with family letters, Sarasota, Fla.: Pineapple Press, 1996.

Hemingway, Mary. How It Was. New York: Knopf, 1976. Based on journals she kept during their marriage.

Miller, Madelaine Hemingway.Ernie. New York: Crown, 1975. Best view of life in Oak Park.

Sanford, Marcelline Hemingway.At theHemingways. Boston: Little, Brown, 1962; revised edition, with family letters and new introductions, Moscow: University of Idaho Press, 1999.


Beach, Sylvia.Shakespeare and Company. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1959. Factually flawed, but a well-meaning view of Paris in the 1920s.

Brian, Denis.The True Gen. New York: Grove, 1988. Invaluable collection of brief takes on Hemingway.

Callaghan, Morley.That Summer in Paris: Memories of Tangled Friendships with Hemingway, Fitzgerald, and Some Others. New York: Coward-McCann, 1963.

Castillo-Puche, Jose Luis.Hemingway inSpain, translated by Helen R. Lane. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1974.

Donnelly, Honoria Murphy.Sara &Gerald:Memories of the Murphys and Their Friends, New York: Times Books, 1982.

Loeb, Harold.The Way It Was. New York: Criterion Books, 1959. The prototype for Cohn in The Sun Also Rises tries to set the record straight.

MacLeish, Archibald. Reflections, edited by Bernard Drabeck and Helen Ellis. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1986.

McAlmon, Robert.Being Geniuses Together,1920-1930, revised by Kay Boyle. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1968. Biased, a little bitter, but an interesting memoir.

Ross, Lillian.Portrait of Hemingway. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1961. Infamous portrayal of Hemingway on a New York visit.

Samuelson, Arnold. With Hemingway: AYear in Key West and Cuba. New York: Random House, 1984.

Stein, Gertrude.The Autobiography of AliceB. Toklas. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1933. Stein’s biased view of Hemingway.

Viertel, Peter.Dangerous Friends: At Large with Hemingway and Huston in the Fifties. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1992. Good take on Hemingway in the 1950s based on new letters and personal contact.


The following books are compilations of interviews with those who knew Hemingway at different points in his life.

Fuentes, Noberto. Hemingway in Cuba, translated by Consuelo E. Corwin. Secaucus, N.J.: Lyle Stuart, 1984. Useful inside information on the Cuban years.

Paporov, Uri.Hemingway en Cuba, translated by Armando Partida Tayzan. Mexico City: Siglo XXI Editores, 1993. Interesting book based on interviews shortly after Hemingway’s death.

Plath, James, and Frank Simons.Remembering Ernest Hemingway. Key West, Fla.: Ketch & Yawl Press, 1999. Wide-ranging interviews with Hemingway friends.


Baker, Carlos. Ernest Hemingway: A LifeStory. New York: Scribners, 1969. Baker’s biography remains the standard one-volume life of Hemingway.

Bruccoli, Matthew J.Fitzgerald and Hemingway: A Dangerous Friendship. New York: Carroll & Graf, 1994. Best analysis of the famed friendship.

Donaldson, Scott.By Force of Will: The Life and Art of Ernest Hemingway. New York: Viking, 1977.

Fenton, Charles.The Apprenticeship ofErnest Hemingway. New York: Viking, 1954.

Griffin, Peter.Along With Youth: Hemingway, the Early Years. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985. The only source of several pre-Paris short stories.

Kert, Bernice.The Hemingway Women. New York: Norton, 1983. After Baker, this book is the best single-volume biography, interviews with women who would not talk to the male biographers.

Lynn, Kenneth S.Hemingway. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1987.

McLendon, James.Papa: Hemingway inKey West, revised edition. Key West, Fla.: Langley Press, 1990.

Mellow, James R.Hemingway: A Life Without Consequences. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1992.

Meyers, Jeffrey.Hemingway. New York: Harper & Row, 1985.

Montgomery, Constance C.Hemingway inMichigan. New York: Fleet, 1966. Lots of local information on the Michigan lakes and woods of Hemingway’s youth.

Reynolds, Michael. Young Hemingway. Oxford: Blackwell, 1986; New York: Norton, 1998.

Reynolds.Hemingway: The Paris Years. Oxford: Blackwell, 1989; New York: Norton, 1999.

Reynolds.Hemingway: The Homecoming. Oxford: Blackwell, 1992; New York: Norton, 1999.

Reynolds.Hemingway: The 1930s. New York: Norton, 1997.

Reynolds.Hemingway: The Final Years. New York: Norton, 1999.


Benstock, Shari.Women of the Left Bank. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1986. A comprehensive survey. Information not easily found elsewhere.

Berg, A. Scott.Max Perkins, Editor ofGenius. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1978. Fine narrative of the relationship between Hemingway and his editor, plus Fitzgerald and Thomas Wolfe.

Bruccoli, Matthew J.Some Sort of EpicGrandeur: The Life of F. Scott Fitzgerald. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1981. Highly reliable Fitzgerald biography.

Bruccoli and Robert W. Trogdon, eds. American Expatriate Writers: Paris in the Twenties (Dictionary of Literary Biography, Documentary Series, 15). Detroit: Bruccoli Clark Layman / Gale, 1997.

Carr, Virginia Spencer. Dos Passos: A Life. Garden City: Doubleday, 1984.

Delaney, John, ed.The House of Scribner,1905-1936 (Dictionary of Literary Biography, Documentary Series, 16). Detroit: Bruccoli Clark Layman / Gale, 1997.

Diliberto, Gioia.Hadley. New York: Ticknor & Fields, 1992.

Donaldson, Scott.Archibald MacLeish: AnAmerican Life. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1992.

Ford, Hugh. Published in Paris: A Literary Chronicle of Paris in the 1920s and 1930s. New York: Macmillan, 1975.

Hansen, Arlen.Expatriate Paris: A Cultural and Literary Guide to Paris of the 1920s. New York: Little, Brown, 1990. The best of many street, place, and people guides to Paris in the 1920s.

Hoffman, Frederick. The Twenties. New York: Viking, 1955. Seminal cultural and literary survey of the era.

Ludington, Townsend. John Dos Passos. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1980.

Miller, Linda P.Letters from the Lost Generation: Gerald and Sara Murphy and Friends. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1991.

Raeburn, John. Fame Became of Him: Hemingway as a Public Writer. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1984. Excellent documentation and analysis of Hemingway’s rise to fame in the media.

Rollyson, Carl. Nothing Ever Happens to the Brave: The Story of Martha Gell-horn. St. Martin’s Press, 1990. The unauthorized and only Gellhorn biography.

Rovit, Earl. Ernest Hemingway. New York: Twayne, 1963. Another seminal work that still makes sense.

Sarason, Bertram D. Hemingway and the Sun Set. Washington, D.C.: NCR Microcard Editions, 1972. Everything anyone ever wanted to know about the characters in The Sun Also Rises, with interviews.

Sokoloff, Alice H. Hadley: The First Mrs. Hemingway. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1973.

Stephens, Robert O. Hemingway’s Nonfiction. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1968. First and best analysis of Hemingway’s nonfiction and its relationship to his fiction.

Thomas, Hugh. The Spanish Civil War. New York: Harper & Row, 1961. Basic history.

Vaill, Amanda.Everybody Was So Young: Gerald and Sara Murphy, a Lost Generation Love Story. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1998.

Young, Philip. Ernest Hemingway: A Reconsideration. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1966. Along with Fenton and Baker, Young’s book set the agenda for Hemingway criticism between 1955 and 1975.


Arnold, Lloyd. Hemingway: High on the Wild. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1977. Good source for photos of Hemingway in Idaho.

Buckley, Peter. Ernest. New York: Dial, 1978.

Fuentes, Norberto. Ernest Hemingway Rediscovered. New York: Scribners, 1988.

Gajdusek, Robert E. Hemingway’s Paris. New York: Scribners, 1978.

Hotchner, A. E.Hemingway and His World. New York: Viking, 1989.

Trogdon, Robert W., ed.,Ernest Hemingway:A Documentary Volume (Dictionary of Literary Biography, 210). Detroit: Bruccoli Clark Layman / Gale, 1999.

Voss, Frederick.Picturing Hemingway. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.


There are many online resources for Hemingway researchers and enthusiasts. Listed below are general sites of interest to students. Most contain links to other, more specialized, sites.

<http://www.hemingway.org/> Site maintained by the Hemingway Foundation to foster understanding of the life and work of Ernest Hemingway with emphasis on his Oak Park origins and his impact on world literature. Its mission reflects the Foundation’s belief in the importance of the written word and the value of thoughtful reading and writing.

Collection of general resources on Hemingway presented by the Department of English at the University of Florida.

Site maintained by the Michigan Hemingway Society—made up of university professors, writers, teachers, fly fishers, journalists and anyone interested exploring Hemingway’s work and its relationship to Michigan.

<http://www.lostgeneration.com/hrc.htm> General resources, featuring a biography, bibliography, audio clips, a writing contest, and a checklist of links.

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