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Footer Examples In Essays What Do You Do To Book

Headers and Footers

In a document, headers are what they call the standard text that shows up on the top of each page (or every other page). Footers are what they call the standard text that shows up at the bottom of each page (or every other page). What should your book have for headers and footers, and how do you create those?

There are no industry wide standards, but there are common practices. Pick up any random 10 books in your house. You'll find that most of them have page numbers on the pages somewhere :). So page numbers are fairly standard. However some books put those in the top (in the header). Other books put those on the bottom (in the footer).

Sometimes books put the name of the book, the name of the author, or even the name of the chapter you're reading either in the header or the footer. You might wonder why they bother. Surely if you're reading a book you know what its title is and don't have to see it on every single page! It's all about branding. The publishers want to hammer the name of the book home into your brain, so that way when you're talking to others about the book you're reading it's right fresh in your mind.

The standard I use for most my books is to have no footer at all. I only have a header. In that header on the left pages (the even numbered pages) there is the page number on the far left corner - and then the book's title in the center. On the right pages (the odd numbered pages) there is the page number on the far right corner, and the author name in the center.

For some of my PDF-style ebooks I have page numbers and the title at the bottom of every page since there is no left or right. Note that I only use page numbers on PDF ebooks where the page size is set. I don't have page numbers on Kindle style ebooks where the page size changes randomly based on the font the user has chosen. But in any case, when you begin your document preparation, you should plan out the header or footer you want.

So, as an example, how would you do alternating page headers, with multiple columns, in Word?

I'm using Word 2010. In that, you click on a page and then use Insert - Header - Three Columns. By default the top ribbon bar will now be showing the "Design" tab. Click to have Different Odd & Even pages. Your headers will now indicate whether they go with odd or even pages. On the odd page, click on the spot in the far right corner, then go to Page Number (in the top left of the ribbon bar) and use page number - current location - simple. Then click on the center spot and type in the author name. Now move through your document to an even page. On this one use the same steps to put the page number in the top left corner, and change the center spot to be your title.

Voila! Your book now has headers that match up with the left and right sides of the pages!

Just click anywhere in the main part of your document to get out of the header editing process. To go back and edit your headers again, just click up in that header area.

The reason I only use a header (and not a footer, too) is to conserve space. I want as many words on a page as possible to reduce the page count, so that the book is as cheap as it can be to buy. A cheaper price means more buyers. That�s both more fans and more income.

Getting the page numbers correct is important enough that it gets its own page -

Page Numbers

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This handout provides examples and description about writing papers in literature. It discusses research topics, how to begin to research, how to use information, and formatting.

Contributors:Mark Dollar, Purdue OWL
Last Edited: 2017-10-25 10:18:45

What about MLA format?

All research papers on literature use MLA format, as it is the universal citation method for the field of literary studies. Whenever you use a primary or secondary source, whether you are quoting or paraphrasing, you will make parenthetical citations in the MLA format [Ex. (Smith 67).] Your Works Cited list will be the last page of your essay. Consult the OWL handout on MLA for further instructions.

Note, however, the following minor things about MLA format:

  • Titles of books, plays, or works published singularly (not anthologized) should be italicised unless it is a handwritten document, in which case underlining is acceptable. (Ex. Hamlet, Great Expectations)
  • Titles of poems, short stories, or works published in an anthology will have quotation marks around them. (Ex. "Ode to a Nightingale," "The Cask of Amontillado")
  • All pages in your essay should have your last name the page number in the top right hand corner. (Ex. Jones 12)

    If you're using Microsoft Word, you can easily include your name and page number on each page by following the these steps:

    1. Open "View" (on the top menu).
    2. Open "Header and Footer." (A box will appear at the top of the page you're on. And a "Header and Footer" menu box will also appear).
    3. Click on the "align right" button at the top of the screen. (If you're not sure which button it is, hold the mouse over the buttons and a small window should pop up telling you which button you're on.)
    4. Type in your last name and a space.
    5. Click on the "#" button which is located on the "Header and Footer" menu box. It will insert the appropriate page number.
    6. Click "Close" on the "Header and Footer" window.

    That's all you need to do. Word will automatically insert your name and the page number on every page of your document.

What else should I remember?

  • Don't leave a quote or paraphrase by itself-you must introduce it, explain it, and show how it relates to your thesis.
  • Block format all quotations of more than four lines.
  • When you quote brief passages of poetry, line and stanza divisions are shown as a slash (Ex. "Roses are red, / Violets are blue / You love me / And I like you").
  • For more help, see the OWL handout on using quotes.

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