Research Papers On Benedict Arnold

MS Am 1446

Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. Benedict Arnold papers, 1765-1886: Guide.

Houghton Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University


Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 USA

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Location: b
Call No.: MS Am 1446
Repository: Houghton Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University
Creator: Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801.
Title: Benedict Arnold papers,
Date(s): 1765-1886 (inclusive), 1775-1806 (bulk).
Quantity: 1 collection (1 box (.5 linear ft.)
Language of materials: Collection materials are in English.
Abstract: Papers of American major-general Benedict Arnold.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

56M-54. Gift of Frances Loeb and John L. Loeb in memory of Greenough Fuller; received: 1956.

Conditions Governing Access:

There are no restrictions on physical access to this material. Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use:

Images linked to this finding aid are intended for public access and educational use. This material is owned and/or held by the Houghton Library, and is provided solely for the purpose of teaching or individual research. Any other use, including commercial reuse, mounting on other systems, or other forms of redistribution requires the permission of the curator.

Preferred Citation for Publication:

Benedict Arnold Papers, 1765-1886 (MS Am 1446). Houghton Library, Harvard University.

Biographical / Historical

Arnold was a major-general in the American Revolution.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by author.

Scope and Contents

Contains correspondence, legal documents, and financial papers pertaining to the lives of Benedict Arnold, his second wife Margaret Shippen Arnold, their children, and her family. Includes army commands issued by Arnold and other American officers such as Ethan Allen; letters by and portraits of British officer John André; correspondence between the Arnold family in England and elsewhere and the Shippens and Burds in the U.S.; and wills and other documents concerning court cases and estates.

Container List

  • (2). Allen, Ethan, 1737-1789. A.D.s.; Northampton, 15 Mar 1768. 1s.(1p.)
    Date: 1768.
  • (3). André, John, 1751-1780. A.L.s. to Beverley Robinson; Denyses, 6 Oct 1779. 1s.(2p.)
    Date: 1779.
  • (4). André, John, 1751-1780. A.L.s. (initials) to Anna Seward; [n.p., n.d.] 1s.(4p.)
  • (5). André, John, 1751-1780. Autograph signature on flyleaf torn from unidentified book; [n.p., n.d.] 1s.(1p.)
    With 13 prints of portraits of André, his capture, and his memorial.
  • (6). Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. A.L.s. to Samuel Bellows; Headquarters, Robinson House, 5 Sep 1780. 1s.(2p.)
    Date: 1780.
  • (8). Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. A.L.s. to [Nathanael] Greene; Philadelphia, 10 Nov 1778. 1s.(4p.)
    Date: 1778.
  • (9). Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. A.L.s. to Charles Grey, 1st earl Grey; Martinique, 3 Sep 1794. 1s.(2p.)
    Date: 1794.
  • (10). Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. MS.L.s. to [Thomas] Johnston; Philadelphia, 6 Oct 1778. 1s.(3p.)
    Date: 1778.
  • (11). Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. A.L.s. to Noah Lee; Ticonderoga, 26 Jun 1775. 1s.(2p.)
    Date: 1775.
  • (12). Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. A.L.s. to [] McColm; Valcour Island, 28 Sep 1776. 1s.(2p.)
    Date: 1776.
  • (14). Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. A.L.s. to [] Mitchell; Philadelphia, 8 Oct 1779. 1s.(1p.)
    Date: 1779.
    With Lithographic facsimile of Arnold's pass to André under the name of John Anderson.
  • (15). Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. A.L.s. to Joseph Pagé; Point aux Trembles, 27 Nov 1775. 1s.(2p.)
    Date: 1775.
  • (17). Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. A.L.s. to Edward Shippen; St. John, 24 May 1788. 1s.(1p.)
    Date: 1788.
  • (18). Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. A.L.s. to Jonathan Trumbull (1740-1809); Ticonderoga, 20 Oct 1776. 1s.(1p.)
    Date: 1740-1809
    Date: 1776.
  • (19). Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. A.L.s. to []; Middletown, 15 Apr 1778. 1s.(1p.)
    Date: 1778.
  • (20). Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. MS.D.s.; New Haven, 28 Feb 1765. 1s.(4p.)
    Date: 1765.
    Contract with Remsen & Co.
  • (21). Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. MS.D.s.; New Haven, 2 Mar 1765. 1s.(1p.)
    Date: 1765.
    Invoice for goods shipped to Remsen & Co.
  • (23). Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. MS.D.s.; New Brunswick, 4 Jul 1789. 2s.(4p.)
    Date: 1789.
    Sale of land resulting from foreclosure by Arnold. Also signed by Benedict Arnold Jr. and others.
  • (24). Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. A.MS. (unsigned); [n.p., 1791?] 1s.(1p.)
    Date: 1791?
    Extract by Arnold from letter of Bartlet Goodrich of 21 Mar 1791; part of evidence in lawsuit over the sloop Active.
  • (25). Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. A.MS. (3d person); St. John, 6 Apr 1791. 1s.(1p.)
    Date: 1791.
    Part of evidence on the Active.
  • (26). Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. A.MS.s.; [St. John, 1791] 1s.(4p.)
    Date: 1791
    Statement about the Active.
  • (27). Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. A.MS.s.; [St. John, 1791] 1s.(4p.)
    Date: 1791
    Statement about the Active.
  • (28). Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. MS.D.s.; Martinique, 20 Apr 1795. 2s.(3p.)
    Date: 1795.
  • Arnold, Edward Shippen. 2 A.L.s. to Edward Burd:
    • (30). Muttra, 19 Sep 1806. 2s.(8p.)
      Date: 1806.
      with contemporary MS. copy, 1s.(4p.)
    • (31). Same, 12 Nov 1806. 1s.(4p.)
      Date: 1806.
  • (35). Arnold, James Robertson. 3 MS.D.s.; 1807-1809. each 1s.(3p.)
    Date: 1807-1809.
    Statements of account in settlement of the estate of Edward Shippen.
  • Arnold, Margaret (Shippen). 2 A.L.s. to Elizabeth (Shippen) Burd:
    • (37). [N.p.] 14 Aug 1789. 1s.(4p.)
      Date: 1789.
    • (38). Epping, 3 Jul 1803. 1s.(4p.)
      Date: 1803.
  • Arnold, Margaret (Shippen). A.L.s. to Edward Shippen:
    • (40). Same, 6 Jul 1792. 1s.(4p.)
      Date: 1792.
    • (41). Same, 2 May 1796. 1s.(4p.)
      Date: 1796.
    • (42). Same, 2 Jun 1803. 2s.(3p.)
      Date: 1803.
    • (43). [Same] 2 Nov 1803. 1s.(4p.)
      Date: 1803.
  • (47). Arnold, Richard. A.L.s. to []; New Haven, 17 Feb 1795. 1s.(2p.)
    Date: 1795.
    Enclosing copy by R.A. of letter to him from Benedict Arnold; Martinique, 19 Oct 1794, 1s.(1p.); and copies by Hannah Arnold of two legal papers, 1s.(1p.)
  • (49). Burd, Edward. A.L. (draft, unsigned) to [Margaret (Shippen)] Arnold; [n.p., 1802?] 1s.(1p.)
    Date: 1802?
  • Coxe, Daniel. 2 letters to Edward Burd:
    • (50). London, 7 May 1807. 1s.(2p.)
      Date: 1807.
    • (51). Same, 5 Jun 1824. 1s.(2p.)
      Date: 1824.
  • Coxe, Daniel. 2 Letters to Edward Shippen:
    • (52). London, 5 Jul 1804. 1s.(4p.)
      Date: 1804.
      enclosing copy of letter, Charles Shipley to [] Morse; Surinam, 14 May 1804. 1s.(1p.)
    • (53). Same, 4 Apr 1805. 1s.(2p.)
      Date: 1805.
  • (54). Coxe, Daniel. 10 MS.D.s.; London, 1804-1811.
    Date: 1804-1811.
    Papers dealing with the estate of Margaret (Shippen) Arnold.
  • (56). Dorchester, Guy Carleton, 1st. baron, 1724-1808. MS.L.s. to [ordnance officers at Quebec]; Quebec, 9 Dec 1769. 1s.(1p.)
    Date: 1769.
  • (58). Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804. A.L.s. to [] Foote; Continental Village, 28 Sep 1780. 1s.(2p.)
    Date: 1780.
    Written as Washington's aide.
  • Phipps, Sophia Matilda (Arnold) 7 Letters to Edward Burd:
    • (61). Ramsgate, 18 Jul 1806. 1s.(4p.)
      Date: 1806.
    • (63). Bath, 16 Oct [1810] 1s.(4p.)
      Date: 1810
    • (64). Benares, 29 Jan 1812. 1s.(4p.)
      Date: 1812.
    • (65). Muttra, 12 Jan 1813. 1s.(4p.)
      Date: 1813.
    • (66). Agra, 7 Nov 1813. 1s.(4p.)
      Date: 1813.
    • (67). Muttra, 1 Mar 1816. 1s.(4p.)
      Date: 1816.
      with copy of substance of Letter from Burd to Mrs. Phipps, 1 Jan 1817. 1s.(2p.)
  • Phipps, Sophia Matilda (Arnold). 2 Letters to Elizabeth (Shippen) Burd:
    • (68). Bath, 24 Jul 1809. 1s.(4p.)
      Date: 1809.
  • Phipps, Sophia Matilda (Arnold) 2 letters to Edward Shippen:
    • (70). [London] 2 Jan 1806. 1s.(4p.)
      Date: 1806.
    • (71). [Same] 1 Apr 1806. 1s.(3p.)
      Date: 1806.
  • Shippen, Edward, 1729-1806. 2 Letters to [Margaret (Shippen)] Arnold:
    • (74). [Same] Aug 1798. 1s.(1p.)
      Date: 1798.
  • (75). Shippen, Edward, Jr. Printed D.s.; Philadelphia, 25 Mar 1789. 1s.(1p.)
    Date: 1789.
  • (76). Varick, Richard, 1753-1831. MS.D.s.; Ticonderoga, 1777. 1s.(2p.)
    Date: 1777.
    Muster roll of Daniel Livermore's company; also signed by Richard Lusk, Daniel Livermore, David MacGregor, and Enoch Poor. In very bad condition.

    pfMS Am 1446

  • (77). Varick, Richard, 1753-1831. MS.D.s.; New York, 13 Oct 1792. 1s.(2p.)
    Date: 1792.
    Bond of Gilbert Aspinwall to Richard Ward, witnessed by Varick and Nathaniel Lawrence.
  • (78). Wooster, David, 1710-1777. MS.D.s.; Philadelphia, 4 Jul 1776. 1s.(1p.)
    Date: 1776.
    Good conduct certificate for a soldier.

    With mezzotint portrait of Wooster.


hou01257
 

3

for the British compensated him with a £10,000 bonus if he would agree to change loyalties.Arnold asked for an even larger bonus and was given £6,000 more as well as £350 of expensemoney and a steady salary.

6

Evidently, Arnold’s treason was indeed partly based on a desire for  personal gain; however, wealth was only the icing on the cake in terms of Arnold’s treachery.In order to better understand how Arnold was neglected by America, it is important toemphasize his life as a military leader. His first major action as a military leader was the captureof Fort Ticonderoga, a British stronghold.

7

By 1775, Arnold had organized and been votedcaptain of the militia in his hometown of New Haven, Connecticut. He was now a devotedrevolutionary and fully supportive of the cause for independence.

8

Arnold began to raise troopsin Stockbridge, Connecticut when he learned that a man named Colonel Ethan Allen was raisingan unauthorized militia, the Green Mountain Boys, to accomplish the task of taking over FortTiconderoga. Arnold met up with Allen and his troops to determine who would be in charge of the mission, and “Arnold arrogantly told Allen that

he

, Benedict Arnold . . . was the supremecommander of the expedition.” Allen became incredibly angry, so he and Arnold argued untilthey resolved to jointly command the army.

9

Arnold’s menand Allen’s Green Mountain Boysthen marched to Lake Champlain to capture the unsuspecting fort. Early in the morning of May10, 1775, they entered the dormant fort and requested its surrender. Captain William Delaplacesurrendered Ticonderoga as well as44 soldiers within ten minutes of the request. There was no bloodshed.

10

This so-called battle was an excellent beginning for Arnold’s military career in the war;however, he was given no credit for the capture of Ticonderoga. This was because Allen wrotetwo deceitful reports to Congress concerning his account of what happened at the battle. In thesereports, Allen stated, “I took the fortress of Ticonderoga.” He barely mentioned Arnold, whoshould have been given equal recognition, if not more due to his civilized manner of treating the

Leave a Comment

(0 Comments)

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *